Price:

Details

Victoria Lines, from Madilena Heights to Fomm Ir-Rih, Malta

Category: Places to Visit in Malta and Gozo, Military History of Malta and Gozo, Walking routes in Malta and Gozo

Key points about this information item Victoria Lines, from Madilena Heights to Fomm Ir-Rih, Malta


Information


Description:


Victoria Lines, from Madilena Heights to Fomm Ir-Rih, Malta

 

The Victoria Lines are fortified defensive walls and forts built by the British in the nineteenth century to protect the Island from invasion from the North.  They were given the name because the wall was completed in Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee year, 1897.

 

The Lines follow the natural geographical barrier called the Great Fault, which spans the complete width of Malta and almost splits the Island in two.  Use of the fault for defensive purposes can be traced back to prehistoric times, but they were not developed intensively until the Knights of St John built troop entrenchments around 1722.

 

During the British rule, the fault was seen as a strategic defensive line to protect the approaches to the fortified Grand Harbour.  Building work began around 1875 and continued until completion in 1897.

 

Three major forts were built at Madilena, Bingemma and Mosta, with a fortified entrenchment, called Dwejra Lines, built in the central section.  The defensive positions were then linked by a continuous infantry wall, which ran along the escarpment above the Great Fault.  Fortified bridges were built were the wall had to cross valleys.

 

A fourth fort was then built at Pembrooke to protect the coastal approaches to Valletta, along with a number of magazines, batteries, and searchlight emplacements.  A barrack complex was constructed at Mtarfa.

 

By the time of their completion, it was apparent that they actually served little military purpose and an exercise in 1900 proved that the fortifications were quite easily bypassed.  Despite this, the forts remained of significant defensive value, being armed with heavy 9.2 and six inch guns.

 

The Victoria Lines now make for an interesting days walk across the Island, passing some sites of historical interest and providing some great views across the Island.  Even if you cannot spend a full day walking the escarpment, then a visit to one of the sections is a must while in Malta.

 

See our separate information page on walking the Victoria Lines

 

 

 

 

 

Take a look at Guide2Malta for Property for sale and rent in Malta, Events, Places to Visit, Accommodation, Malta and Gozo News, Classifieds, Malta Attractions and the Malta Business Directory.

 

 

  Guide2 Malta forum  Follow Guide2 Malta on Twitter  Guide2 Malta on Facebook

Facebook Comments


 

Accommodation

Hotels Combined - search for hotels in Malta
FROM:
View Details

Latest News

Snap UK election on 8th June
DATE: 19 Apr 2017
Theresa May took most people by surprise yesterday and called a snap UK election
View Details

Business

Malta Holiday Home Services, Property management services in Malta
 
Malta Holiday Home Services, property management in Malta
View Details

Calendar  

Previous

APRIL 2017

Next
Register with us
Save on your hotel - www.hotelscombined.com
Goldcar skyscraper